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8.1 Protection hearings are civil hearings and are often less formal in terms of process and the application of evidentiary rules than other civil hearings (CFCSA, s. 66). In a protection hearing, the court may admit into evidence any hearsay evidence that the court considers reliable (CFCSA, s. 68(2)). Director’s counsel will often file historical Ministry records, hospital records, police records, and other similar records as business records. The standard of proof in CFCSA proceedings is the civil standard of proof on a balance of probabilities (see V. (C.C.) v. British Columbia (CFCS), 2017 BCSC 412).


High Schoolers Bring Their Love of Culinary Arts to Feed Local Homeless

This article made me cry. It has everything – leadership, social support & programs, organization skills, non profit experience, validation for lived experience, and succession planning …. all started by our youth. Our future looks bright if this is what they are doing and learning at schools. Click here or on the pdf file to learn more or read an excerpt below. I’m in awe.




Twice a week, students from Lincoln cook and serve meals to people ages 25 and under who are experiencing homelessness. Since 2016, they’ve served almost 27,000 meals and nearly 100 high school students have volunteered with the program.

CardsCook now has established itself as a nonprofit organization. They’ve expanded to include students at Jesuit and Lake Oswego high schools to serve meals in their local communities, too.

The plan now is to launch what it calls its Homeless Solutions Incubator, which will prototype practical services and resources to reduce homelessness.

“What we’re doing with CardsCook we know is a Band-Aid solution,” Sanders says. “Serving meals is just a Band-Aid, but in order to make an actual impact that resonates with the community, we’re creating a solutions incubator where we are making three to four inexpensive but meaningful solutions.”

CardsCook received a grant from Oregon Food Bank to sit down with the people who attend their weekly food service to talk about their experiences and what they think would be a solution that would improve quality of life.

“They’re the experts on what they need,” says Alex Paskill, a fellow rising senior at Lincoln, CardsCook’s cofounder and vice president. “So, instead of having our politicians and [other] citizens decide everything, it’s cool to bring them in and then bring in what the politicians know and bring in what the citizens know and bringing in what each individual can bring to the table, and combine into this melting pot that can really benefit the community as a whole.”

In addition to making even more meals available, CardsCook plans to increase homeless people’s access to veterinary care for their pets. They’re also working with local newspapers to publish personal stories that homeless people write and for which they’ll be paid, Sanders says.

The local nonprofit Harbor of Hope, which was created to raise funds and create solutions for Portland’s homeless population, is helping to fundCardsCook’s new effort.

“Hank and the other students are great kids. The homeless are going to need people like that to support them,” Homer Williams, Harbor of Hope’s chairman, told the Portland Tribune.

As the CardsCook team looks toward the 2018-2019 school year, when Sanders and Paskill are expected to graduate, they have several goals in mind. They include starting two new chapters at other Portland high schools, raising enough money to fund two years of their solutions, and starting work on their three solutions.

They also want to ensure that CardsCook continues when their time is done at Lincoln. Paskill says it’s important for lower-level students to begin to take ownership of the programs and also make it their own.

“That’s the direction we want to be going to because we’re going to be gone, but if we go and we can say that we served X amount of people and this and that, that’s all great,” he says. “I want to be able to come back to Lincoln four years from now and see that CardsCook is still a thing, that HSI is still a thing, that there’s kids still serving, and having the same amount of pride and values of CardsCook and what we founded.”

Comox Valley’s living wage sees four per cent increase from 2017 – report

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B.C. employers prepare for minimum wage hike on June 1

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