Author Archives: Mama Bear

INDEPENDENT SCHOOL ACT BC Ministry of Education Governance and Legislation Branch H-1 September 30, 2016 [RSBC 1996] CHAPTER 216

It appears the rules to be a teacher at an independent school are vastly different than for public education. This may and can compromise our standards in BC. Another reason why I don’t like our tax dollars going to help pay for independent schools. Click here to learn more or read an excerpt below.


Independent school teaching certificate standards committee

5 (1) The minister may, for the purposes of subsections (2) and (3),

(a) constitute an independent school teaching certificate standards committee,

(b) name the persons to be members of the committee, and

(c) provide for remuneration of and payment of expenses to members of the committee.

(2) The independent school teaching certificate standards committee must

(a) establish the standards that are required to be met in order to be issued an independent school teaching certificate and to maintain an independent school teaching certificate, and

(b) determine which standards must be met for each type of independent school teaching certificate.

(3) At the request of the inspector, the independent school teaching certificate standards committee must provide the inspector with advice in respect of the application for an independent school teaching certificate or a letter of permission authorizing a person to teach in an independent school.

[1999-8-4 effective July 19/99, BC Reg. 223/99; 2007-16-21, effective Jan 1/08, BC Reg. 386/07; en 2011-12-108, effective Jan 9/12, BC Reg. 239/11]


Becoming a Teacher in BC

Teachers are not all equal in BC. Wow! Click here for the source or read an excerpt below.


Thank you for your interest in pursuing a career in education in British Columbia. Teachers in BC work in a dynamic environment where they are able to make a difference in the lives of students.

The information in this section describes how to obtain a Ministry of Education teaching certificate. You will need this certificate to show that you qualify to work in BC’s education sector – that you have the academic qualifications, teaching experience and personal characteristics required for working with children.

Who requires a Ministry of Education teaching certificate?

If you would like to teach in BC’s kindergarten to grade 12 education sector, you must have a teaching certificate from the Ministry of Education issued through the Teacher Regulation Branch.

  • Public schools: All teachers, administrators and superintendents employed in the province’s kindergarten to grade 12 public school system must have a valid Ministry of Education Certificate of Qualification. This includes full-time, part-time and teacher-on-call positions. If you would like to work in a BC public school, you must apply to the Teacher Regulation Branch of the Ministry of Education for a Certificate of Qualification, and you must pay an annual fee to maintain your certificate. A Certificate of Qualification also enables you to work in all independent schools and First Nations schools in the province.You must have completed a teacher education program to apply for a Certificate of Qualification. The application process is slightly different depending on whether you completed your teacher education program in BC, elsewhere in Canada or outside of Canada. Please click on the link that applies to you for further information. Please see the Previously Certified Teachers section if you are re-applying for a Certificate of Qualification.
  • Independent schools: If you would like to work in a BC independent school that has group 1, 2, or 4 classification, you may apply for an Independent School Teaching Certificate or a Certificate of Qualification. An Independent School Teaching Certificate will allow you to teach only in BC’s independent schools and is restricted to a particular subject area, school system, or school. An Independent School Teaching Certificate is not recognized in other jurisdictions under the Agreement on Internal Trade (AIT). This certificate is limited to the BC independent school system. For information about BC independent schools, please visit the Independent Schools area on the Ministry of Education website. For more information about applying for an Independent School Teaching Certificate, please see the Independent School Certificatesection.If you have completed a teacher education program, you may choose to apply for a Certificate of Qualification instead of an Independent School Teaching Certificate. A Certificate of Qualification would allow you to teach in BC’s public and independent schools. Please see the section under BC Graduates,Canadian Graduates or International Graduates for information about how to apply for a Certificate of Qualification.
  • First Nations Schools: If you wish to teach in a First Nations school that has group 1, 2, or 4 classification, you may apply for a Certificate of Qualification or an Independent School Teaching Certificate. If the school is a member of the First Nations Schools Association, only the Certificate of Qualification is accepted for employment. Please visit the Independent Schools area on the Ministry of Education website for more information about BC independent schools. Please visit the First Nations Schools Association website for a list of member schools.


How do you apply for a Ministry of Education teaching certificate?

You need to apply to the Ministry of Education for a certificate by submitting forms and other documentation to the Teacher Regulation Branch. We will then evaluate your qualifications based on the following three areas:

  • your academic record, including teacher education training and subject area studies
  • your relevant teaching experience
  • your fitness, or suitability, for working with children.


If you meet the requirements for all three areas, you will be eligible for a certificate. If you do not meet the requirements of one or more areas, we will tell you what you must do to qualify for a certificate, such as completing additional coursework. Note that applications are processed in the date order in which they are received. If you are seeking employment that requires a BC Ministry of Education teaching certificate, please submit your application for a certificate as early as possible. In fairness to everyone who applies for a certificate, individual applications cannot be fast-tracked.

Pool parasite: Swimmers urged to take simple steps to avoid Cryptosporidium

Cryptosporidium has not been killed by chlorine for a long time. Since 2007, Vancouver Island Health Authority has mandated that all new water supply systems, which include a surface water source will need to be in compliance to provide 2 treatment processes acceptable to VIHA, achieve a 4-log removal/inactivation of viruses and 3-log removal/inactivation of parasites, and produce a finished water with less than 1 NTU turbidity.

I feel the solutions recommended for Small Water Suppliers should be standard for everyone across Canada not just for small water suppliersCanadian distribution systems leakage rates range from 5 to 50%; this is why I’m not keen on promoting centralized water treatment systems to treat basic drinking water contaminants.

I would rather our water treatment providers recommended Point of Entry (POE) systems on our homes which are far more economical to treat our drinking water and have centralized water treatment systems focus on more complicated and climate change contaminants which will be very costly. Like Toledo’s eight-phase treatment process that wasn’t able to prevent their drinking water from being contaminated by an algae bloom and toxins. The 2012 Canadian Infrastructure Report Card estimates infrastructure replacement costs to be $171.8 billion nationally or $13,813 per Canadian household (for municipal roads $91.1 billion, wastewater infrastructure $39 billion, drinking-water infrastructure $25.9 billion, and stormwater management systems $15.8 billion).

Click here to read the full article or an excerpt below.


Filtering pool water and adding chlorine, salt and other disinfectants will usually control harmful germs. But hardy Crypto can survive more than a week in properly treated water, the CDC says.

Eight players in Iran’s women’s soccer team are men

Click here to read the full story. I find this unusual due to men and women must lead very different lives in Iran especially if they’re not married so I’m not sure how Iran can condone this.

Sex change operations legal in Iran but still perilous

Life is a little more complicated, I feel, than just getting a sex change operation and it might have devastating impacts if that is not what the individuals truly wants. Click here to read the full story.

Christy Clark would still face tough road, even if seat flips in her favour

Wow! I had no idea a Canadian election was won by 1 vote! I love the hashtag #uMatterVote. Every vote counts and can either form a majority or minority government. Click here to read the full article or an excerpt below.


Perhaps the best learning example for B.C. legislators is from 1921 in Ottawa.

William Lyon Mackenzie King won the federal election by one vote, holding onto 118 seats for his Liberals, while the Conservatives and the then new Progressive Party had 117 seats combined.

The Best Exercise for Aging Muscles

Click here to read the full story or an excerpt below.


A study published this month in Cell Metabolism, however, suggests that certain sorts of workouts may undo some of what the years can do to our mitochondria.

Exercise is good for people, as everyone knows. But scientists have surprisingly little understanding of its cellular impacts and how those might vary by activity and the age of the exerciser.

So researchers at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., recently conducted an experiment on the cells of 72 healthy but sedentary men and women who were 30 or younger or older than 64. After baseline measures were established for their aerobic fitness, their blood-sugar levels and the gene activity and mitochondrial health in their muscle cells, the volunteers were randomly assigned to a particular exercise regimen.

Some of them did vigorous weight training several times a week; some did brief interval training three times a week on stationary bicycles (pedaling hard for four minutes, resting for three and then repeating that sequence three more times); some rode stationary bikes at a moderate pace for 30 minutes a few times a week and lifted weights lightly on other days. A fourth group, the control, did not exercise.

After 12 weeks, the lab tests were repeated. In general, everyone experienced improvements in fitness and an ability to regulate blood sugar.

There were some unsurprising differences: The gains in muscle mass and strength were greater for those who exercised only with weights, while interval training had the strongest influence on endurance.

But more unexpected results were found in the biopsied muscle cells. Among the younger subjects who went through interval training, the activity levels had changed in 274 genes, compared with 170 genes for those who exercised more moderately and 74 for the weight lifters. Among the older cohort, almost 400 genes were working differently now, compared with 33 for the weight lifters and only 19 for the moderate exercisers.

Many of these affected genes, especially in the cells of the interval trainers, are believed to influence the ability of mitochondria to produce energy for muscle cells; the subjects who did the interval workouts showed increases in the number and health of their mitochondria — an impact that was particularly pronounced among the older cyclists.

It seems as if the decline in the cellular health of muscles associated with aging was “corrected” with exercise, especially if it was intense, says Dr. Sreekumaran Nair, a professor of medicine and an endocrinologist at the Mayo Clinic and the study’s senior author. In fact, older people’s cells responded in some ways more robustly to intense exercise than the cells of the young did — suggesting, he says, that it is never too late to benefit from exercise.