This is the best article I have read on this subject. Click here to learn more or read an excerpt below.
|Underlying pathology||Common symptoms|
It is important to recognize that while the underlying pathology of PTSD is not affected by language or culture, symptoms can vary according to age and level of maturity.
(1 to 6 years)
|Primary school-aged children (6 to 11 years)||
|Adolescents (12 years and older)||
Co-morbid psychiatric disorders
Co-morbid psychiatric disorders can occur in children and adolescents with PTSD, including:7
- Major depression
- Substance abuse
- Another anxiety disorder (e.g., separation anxiety, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder)
- Externalizing disorders (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder).
The co-morbidity of depression and PTSD is a particular consideration; PTSD occurs together with a depressive disorder in as many as 50% of cases.