World Health Organization (WHO): Global burden of mental disorders and the need for a comprehensive, coordinated response from health and social sectors at the country level

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Current predictions indicate that by 2030 depression will be the leading cause of disease burden globally. When only the disability component is taken into consideration in the calculation of the burden of disease, mental disorders account for 25.3% and 33.5% of all years lived with a disability in low- and middle-income countries, respectively. 3. Exposure to a humanitarian emergency is a potent risk factor for mental health problems. Social structures and existing formal and informal provisions for the care of persons with severe, pre-existing, mental disorders are disrupted. Surveys among people affected by conflicts have found prevalence rates of 17% and 15% for depression and post-traumatic stress disorder, respectively, figures that are substantially higher than average prevalence rates in general populations. 4. The gap between the need for treatment for mental disorders and its provision is wide all over the world. For example, between 76% and 85% of people with severe mental disorders receive no treatment for their mental health problem in low- and middle-income countries; the corresponding range for high-income countries is also high: between 35% and 50%.

 

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